Comprehension strategies are being explicitly taught to the children in 3rd and 4th Class. It is important that we think about what we are reading and to construct meaning. We are busy predicting, questioning, visualising and making connections in Third and Fourth Class. We will be adding to our comprehensions strategies during the year.
I can make predictions before and during reading.
I think about the information I know from the cover, pictures and the story.
I think about what will happen next and listen to the author’s clues.
It doesn’t have to be right!!
“I predict that …”
Use prior knowledge
Use evidence and clues
What has happened so far?
What is the reason for your prediction?
Why do you think that?
What clues are you using to predict?
What will happen next because of this event? Why do you think this will happen?
They help us to think more about what we read.
Sometimes we can find answers to our questions in the story or using our background knowledge.
Sometimes the author leaves us wondering!
Asking questions helps us to “solve” the story by putting all the pieces together.
“I wonder …?”
“Here” questions have obvious answers
What? When? Where? Which? How?
Use your own thoughts, feelings and opinions
Use prior knowledge to make connections
Was it something that happened that made you think that?
Do you need to infer?
Try to use all the clues from the story so far.
Think about the characters in the story and the things they are doing
Why do you think he did that? How do you know?
Why do you think she felt that way? How do you know?
Why do you think he said that? How do you know?
We use our “movie” to help us picture the story inside our heads. Smells, sounds, taste and touch can make your movie better.
The words are like the script.
Change your movie as you get more information.
Everybody will have a slightly different movie.
Are you connecting with something?
My picture is slightly different …
Why did that picture come into your head?
Can you describe what you saw in the film of you head while reading?
Can you describe something you could see? / feel? / touch? / hear?
You think about something that happened in the story that reminds you of something else in:
The Story – Text to Text
Your Own Life – Text to Self
The World – Text to World.
Our background knowledge is very important here.
It makes the story come to life and you can imagine it better.
“It reminds me of …”
Did you make a connection with this text?
Did it remind you of anything?
What type of connection is that?
This strategy encourages readers to constantly ask themselves what is important in a sentence, phrase, paragraph, chapter or whole text.
I can understand the main ideas of the text and what the author’s message is.
The text was mostly about…
The important details were…
I will underline the key words ….
I think … and … are important
Who, what, when, where, why …
Famous Five Key Word Search
What’s Your Story
Main Idea Pyramid
Summarising is the ability to reduce a larger piece of text so the focus is on the most important elements of the text.
When I summarise I can think about what I have read and then focus on the most important elements.
First, next, finally, then…
I think the purpose of this text was to…
I can think about the most important parts and retell them in my own words…